The new EU directive on orphan works has been published in the Official Journal of the European Union:

DIRECTIVE 2012/28/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of orphan works; OJEU 27.10.2012 L 299/5 (Text with EEA relevance)

According to Article 2(1) a work or a phonogram is considered an orphan work if none of the rightholders is identified or located despite a diligent search.

The EU member states have two years, until 29 October 2014, to transpose the directive.

Ralf Grahn
freelance EU speaker, teacher and expert for hire
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